IBM's next 5 in 5: James Bond fictions to become norms in 5 years

Friday, November 28, 2008

Imagine, what if
  1. Your house siding, windows and paint created enough solar energy to heat your entire home.
  2. You could surf the Internet, hands-free, by using your voice.
  3. You had a personal shopping assistant to bring clothes and accessories right to your dressing room.
  4. Your doctor gave you a personal health forecast based on your DNA.
  5. You could easily recall any conversation from wherever you are, whenever you need [IBM News].
People often say, "Imagination is more important than knowledge". We are not completely sure if our existing knowledge is sufficient to realize those five revolutionary technological imaginations. But IBM seems to be extremely confident to see those "James Bond fictions" to become norms in the near future.

What is next 5 in 5?
"IBM Next Five in Five" is a list of innovations that have the potential to change the way people work, live and play over the next five years. The Next Five in Five is based on market and societal trends expected to transform our lives, as well as emerging technologies from IBM’s Labs around the world that can make these innovations possible [IBM Press Kit]. IBM also says, "These five innovations will change how people around the world work, play and live over the next five years. But this is not just our thinking, we have included the input of some 150,000 people from 104 countries who took part in "InnovationJam", a recent online brainstorming session... along with insights from our Research labs and business consulting think tank"

1. Healthcare prognosis: more flexible, accessible, affordable:
Genetic mapping will become your healthcare “crystal ball”
  • Computational biology and supercomputing can help determine our expected longevity, the likelihood to develop certain diseases and the impact of daily routines on our health.
  • We’ll use this information to decide which habits we can change to avoid diseases, choose the most effective medications given our genetic makeups, and take other preventative measures that could help us live longer, smarter lives.
  • Advances in genetic mapping will help the pharmaceutical industry change the ways it develops new drugs, to produce medicines that are the most effective for treating your individual needs – rather than focus on the general population.
When our doctors can increase the use of genetic sequencing to map our health destinies and help us adjust our lifestyles, the results will be huge:
  1. Big savings in healthcare costs,
  2. Better health services and
  3. Increased chances for healthier, longer lives – all based on the information each of us carries in our genes. 
2. Micromanaging our environment down to the nano-level: Energy saving solar technology will be built into asphalt, paint and windows. IBM plans reduce the cost of producing solar cells by 50%.
  • IBM is working on breakthroughs in “thin-film” solar cells, a new type of cost-efficient solar cell module which doesn’t use costly and limited silicon. Thin-film solar cells can be 100 times thinner than silicon-wafer cells and can be produced at a lower cost.
  • IBM is working on projects that may help to create brand new thin-film solar cells that could be arranged on a flexible backing, suitable for the tops and sides of buildings, tinted windows, cell phones, notebook computers, cars, and even clothing.
3. The Internet moves to the 3rd dimension: You will have your own digital shopping assistants
Ever find yourself in a fitting room with all the wrong sizes and no salesperson in sight? IBM says, "In the next five years, shoppers will increasingly rely on themselves - and the opinions of each other - to make purchasing decisions rather than wait for help from in-store sales associates."

4.Real time speech translation will become the norm: You will talk to the Web...and the Web will talk back
  • Feel connected at all times. No longer will you be tied to a keyboard and a computer.
  • Enable the underprivileged to create, produce, host and share information and services with others.
  • Examples:
    • IBM MASTOR software was designed to improve communication between U.S. military personnel and Iraqi forces and citizens. It provides bi-directional English to Iraqi Arabic translation. MASTOR works just like a human translator -you talk, and your conversation is translated instantly. It can be used for exchanging simple courtesies to providing support for more sophisticated conversations. MASTOR is also available in two-way English to Modern Standard Arabic and Mandarin Chinese; additional languages are planned.
    • IBM TALES (Translingual Automatic Language Exploitation System) software provides real-time monitoring and translation of Arabic broadcast media. TALES software allows users to search, and then view or listen to, news from foreign language broadcasts and Web sites.
5. Get ready for mind-reading phones: Presence" technology allows you to be found on the network, whether it's a computer network, mobile phone network or any other kind. Presence technology in its current form amounts to instant messaging applications. In five years, however, mobile devices will have the ability to continually learn about and adapt to your preferences and needs.
Earlier, I worked on IBM's WebSphere Presence Server and Instant Messaging technology and I have no doubt that at least this will become a reality in the near future.

Even today, barely 17 percent of the world’s population has access to the Internet. Many factors serve as a hindrance for Internet to impact the remaining 83 percent of the human population: poverty, handicap, illiteracy, a lack of computer knowledge and irrelevance of available content. On the other hand, the cost of a phone is significantly lower than a computer, and the knowledge required to operate a phone is minimal as compared to a computer, especially when the phone is used as a device.

Thomas J Watson asked the world to "THINK". The very word is so powerful that today, it's changing the lives around.

References and further reading:
  1. IBM Reveals Five Innovations That Will Change Our Lives in the Next Five Years
  2. Five innocations that can change our lives over the next five years 
  3. Video on you tube - IBM's 5 in 5
  4. IBM's next 5 in 5 - Press release 
  5. IBM’s ‘High Five’ List of Innovations (that can change the world)

Appointment of judges to Supreme Court: A tug of war?

Thursday, November 20, 2008

Framers of our constitution judiciously avoided the supremacy of any organ of our democracy. Our parliament is not supreme unlike in United Kingdom, Judiciary is not supreme unlike in United States, Executive is not autocratic like any military ruled states. The perfect balance sought by the framers of Indian Constitution saved the infant democracy in spite of madam Gandhi's misrule during emergency. Every now and then, each organ (Executive/Judiciary/Parliament) of our democracy made significant attempts to prove their supremacy.

Yet again, by refusing to reconsider its decision on elevation of three High Court Chief Justices as apex court judges, Supreme Court has asserted judiciary's primacy over executive[The Hindu]. Was the apex court acted adamantly by refusing to reconsider it's recommendation? Was Dr.Manmohan Singh's government wrong in asking supreme court to reconsider it's recommendation? Legally, both supreme court and government exercised their right, there is no need to sensationalize the matter. Whatever has happened, has happened for good.

Article 124 of Constitution says, Every judge of the Supreme court shall be appointed by the President of India. The president shall consider the advice of his council of ministers and shall consult the Judges of Supreme court and High court. Constitutionally the advice given by Supreme court is not binding on government. Until 1982 (First Judges Case), Supreme court held that consultation of president does not mean concurrence (meaning, Agreement of results or opinions). But in 1993 (Second Judges case), a nine judge bench of supreme court held that consultation means concurrence. So, if "consultation means concurrence", then, both government and the supreme court must mutually agree in the matter of appointment of judges. Supreme Court opined that, members of the judiciary are well qualified than others to give their opinion in the matter of appointing judges. In that historic judgment, Supreme court had virtually arrested the irregularities in the appointment of judges to supreme court. In fact, the judgment has made appointment of judges more transparent than ever. Supreme Court laid down a clear procedure in appointing judges. Here is a quick look,
  1. The collegium comprising of Chief Justice of India and four senior most jusdges of the Supreme court has to be formed to render advice to the president (i.e. to the government).
  2. View of the senior most judge (if he is not the part of the collegium) who hail from the High court where the person to be recommended (as judge to supreme court) is functioning as judge, must be obtained in writing.
  3. The collegium must consider the following factors in recommending the judges for the appointment
    • Merit should be the predominant consideration. On what basis the merit will be judged? Earlier judgments given by the judge, respect he commands in the legal fraternity, his legal qualifications, and any such considerations.
    • Not only that, Cogent and good reasons should be recorded for recommending a person of outstanding merit regardless of his seniority.
    • "For recommending one of several persons of more or less equal degree of merit, the factor of the High Courts not represented on the Supreme Court, may be considered."
    • And any such factors may deem necessary.
  4. Supreme court then prepares it's recommendations, everything in writing, stating all the factors cogently and with significant reasoning.
  5. If two or more members of the collegium disagree with the names (to be recommended), then Chief Justice of India should not persist with the recommendation. If the collegium agrees to the names, the recommendation is sent to the executive.
  6. Constitutionally, Supreme Court's recommendation is not binding on executive, so the executive may refuse to accept the candidates recommended by supreme court for the appointment. But government must provide genuine reason for it's refusal. In case govt accepts Supreme court's recommendations, matter ends there, the judges will be appointed as recommended.
  7. If the government refuses to appoint the person recommended by supreme court, the materials and information conveyed by govt must be placed before the original collegium or the reconstituted one.
  8. If the collegium accepts the opinion of executive, then CJI, in his discretion, informs the person earlier recommended for his non appointment. The names recommended by executive will then be final for appointment.
  9. In case collegium refuses to reconsider the request (as it happened now) and unanimously reiterate that the appointment of recommended candidates must be made, then, government (President) has no choice but to appoint them.
Thus, the procedure seems to be transparent if one look at it without any bias. If the government think that it is smarter than Supreme Court and if Supreme Court is adamant with it's recommendation, then the conflict arises and harmony is lost between the organs of democracy.

In the recent case, "Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expressed his reservations about the elevation of three judges recommended by Supreme Court on the ground that seniority had been overlooked and certain States were not represented in the apex court [Read More]." But supreme court feels that merit of a judge is more important than relative seniority. Given the contemporary circumstances, merit must be the decisive factor without ignoring the seniority and that's exactly what Supreme Court is doing. Dr.Singh was absolutely right in asking Supreme Court for reconsidering it's recommendation. Executive has the legal right to express it's opinion and should be done with all respect to Supreme Court. On the other hand, Supreme court has done nothing wrong in refusing to reconsider the recommendation since it feels that meritocracy is more important than seniority and representation of the state (supreme court considers the states' representation factor even before recommending). The process of consultation must be treated as a routine legal activity and should not be sensationalized as it is being done these days.

Makkala Habba (ಮಕ್ಕಳ ಹಬ್ಬ) - Rediscovered the childhood again!

Sunday, November 16, 2008

Today, I had a wonderful opportunity to have some "quality time" during an event called Makkala Habba (ಮಕ್ಕಳ ಹಬ್ಬ). Looking at many children enjoying their time as if there is no tomorrow, I thought, I wish I had a perpetual childhood! Neverthless, it was yet another opportunity to rediscover the child within. Makkala Habba (meaning Children's Festival) was organised in Association with Aasare (ಆಸರೆ, meaning support) and EVOLVE groups of volunteers. The whole day event had a spirited and dynamic support from volunteers and well wishers of Samaja Vikasa Kendra Trust. The children of "Makkala Mane" and "Asha Kirana" (meaning Ray of hope) had a rare opportunity to showcase their talent in various sports and cultural activities. The program was held at the premises of Government Boys Middle School, B.P. Wadia Road, Basavanagudi, Bangalore-560004.

 Follow this link to see the pictures taken during the event

Infy's sabbatical policy: Cost Cutting or Corporate Social Responsibility?

Saturday, November 15, 2008

Today, I came across this article about an interesting HR policy of Infosys. "Infosys has issued letters to its employees stating they could opt for a one-year sabbatical to engage themselves in philanthropic activities." According to the company, "while the move may have coincided with the global financial turmoil and slowing growth rates of IT firms, it should be perceived as a pure voluntary act by employees who are prompted by altruistic motives and inspired by the example of its chairman and chief mentor, NR Narayana Murthy."

What will employees get? 50% of their salary during that one year sabbatical + Any payment while working at any NGO or any such organization + Personal satisfaction for helping the needy.

Who is eligible? Any Infosys employee who is on Infosys payroll for two consecutive years.

Why is Infosys doing it?
"It's a part of Narayana Murthy's desire to give back to society."

How does it help changing the lives around?
According to Infosys, many of their employees quit their job to pursue philanthropic activities. This would give such employees (I hope there are many!) an option to pursue their hobby while still continuing with the jobs, even if they will be paid a small amount by the company. This ultimately brings fresh talent and renewed dynamism in NGOs or any such organization they work for or to any philanthropic activity which employee takes up.

This idea was Narayana Murthy’s dream and has been on the cards for a while. It is the way one can give back to society. But why is Infosys doing especially during economic turbulent times? I digged more into this and found that, Infosys has infact made this policy public way back in December 2006. But, according to this article in The Hindu Business Line, the motives then seems to be different,
"The company has also initiated a pilot project for employees giving them an opportunity to opt for a one-year sabbatical at any point in their careers. This could be used for childcare, eldercare, higher studies or for health reasons" [More here].
So, clearly, in December 2006, the sabbatical policy was employee centric, now it just got bigger and has a social element in it. After almost two years, when employees are in the middle of worst economic crisis, this policy can serve two purposes: Corporate Social Responsibility and Cost Cutting. One cannot blame Infosys for giving new life to this policy. Simply because choice is completely left to employee's discretion and it is voluntary in nature and more importantly they did not chose to issue pink slips without prior notice. More over, it has "Social Responsibility" factor in it. If significantly good number of employees take this opportunity to change the lives around, why not? No matter what kind of financial turmoil we are facing.

"I would like to believe the reason is more to do with the Corporate Social Responsibility element rather than the cost cutting element. But, the timing of the move has coincided with turbulent times. Only time will tell if this was a strange coincidence[src]."

I wish I was in Infosys :)

Congratulations Mr. President-Elect, Yes you can!

Wednesday, November 5, 2008

Today, Barack Obama, the President-elect, is living the dream of Martin Luther King, Jr. On 28th August 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C., Martin Luther King delivered one of the most powerful speeches in the history of mankind.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" and "nullification" -- one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today!
His "I have a dream" speech electrified the crowd gathered to protest against racism. "It is regarded, along with Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address and Franklin D. Roosevelt's Infamy Speech, as one of the finest speeches in the history of American oratory [wiki]." Take a look at that famous "I have a dream" speech, full text here.

Forty five years later, Americans finally fulfilled the dream of Martin Luther King. Americans sent a message to the world that they are not just a collection of Red States and blue states, but they are "United States of America". Who else can reflect that message better than Barack Obama, the first African-American president of America,
"It's the answer spoken by young and old, rich and poor, Democrat and Republican, black, white, Latino, Asian, Native American, gay, straight, disabled and not disabled - Americans who sent a message to the world that we have never been a collection of Red States and Blue States: we are, and always will be, the United States of America."
Here is Obama's Victory Speech: "Change Has Come To America", delivered at Grand Park Chicago. Full text of Victory speech here.

ಕನ್ನಡ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಅರ್ಹವೇ? ಎಳ್ಳಷ್ಟೂ ಸಂಶಯ ಬೇಡ!

Saturday, November 1, 2008

ಕಳೆದ ಕೆಲವು ವರ್ಷಗಳಿಂದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನಮಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಅರ್ಹವಲ್ಲ ಎಂಬ ಕಿಡಿಗೇಡಿಗಳ ಮಾತಿನಿಂದ ಎಷ್ಟೋ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರ ಮನಸ್ಸು ನೊಂದುಕೊಂಡಿತ್ತು. ನೊಂದ ಮನಸ್ಸು ಹೋರಾಟದ ಹಾದಿ ಹಿಡಿಯಿತು. ಹೋರಾಟದ ಹಾದಿ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನವನ್ನು ಮತ್ತಷ್ಟು ಹತ್ತಿರಗೊಳಿಸಿತು. ಕೊನೆಗೂ ಕೇಂದ್ರ ಸರಕಾರ ತಲೆದೂಗಿ, ತೆಲೆಬಾಗಿ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರ ಬೇಡಿಕೆಯನ್ನು ಈಡೇರಿಸಿತು. ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ಹುಟ್ಟುಹಬ್ಬದ ದಿನ ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನ ಬಂದದ್ದು ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರಿಗೆಲ್ಲ ಒಂದು ಅಪೂರ್ವ ಸಂಗಮದಂತೆ ತೋರುತ್ತಿದೆ.

ಅದಿರಲಿ, ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಅರ್ಹವೇ? ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನದಿಂದ ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕಾಗುವ ಲಾಭಗಳೇನು? ಇಂತಹ ಕಿಡಿಗೇಡಿ ಪ್ರಶ್ನೆಗಳನ್ನು ಬೇರು ಸಹಿತ ಕಿತ್ತು ಹಾಕಲು ನನ್ನದೊಂದು ಸಣ್ಣ ಪ್ರಯತ್ನ ಇಲ್ಲಿದೆ.

ಯಾವುದೇ ಒಂದು ಭಾಷೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನ ಪಡೆಯಲು ಬೇಕಾದ ಅರ್ಹತೆಗಳೆಂದರೆ,
(೧) ಭಾಷೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಪ್ರಾಚೀನವಾಗಿರಬೇಕು, ಕೇಂದ್ರ ಸರಕಾರದ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಭಾಷೆ ೧೫೦೦-೨೦೦೦ ವರ್ಷಗಳಷ್ಟು ಹಳೆಯದಾಗಿರಬೇಕು.
(೨) ಆ ಭಾಷೆಗೆ ತನ್ನದೇ ಆದ ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಯಿರಬೇಕು.
(೩) ಅದರ ಉಗಮ (ಹುಟ್ಟು) ಬೇರೊಂದು ಭಾಷೆ/ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಯ ಪ್ರಭಾವಕ್ಕೊಳಪಡದೇ, ತನ್ನದೇ ಆದ ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ನೆಲೆಯಲ್ಲಾಗಿರಬೇಕು.
(೪) ಆ ಭಾಷೆಯ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ವಿಪುಲವಾಗಿರಬೇಕು ಮತ್ತು ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟವಾಗಿರಬೇಕು.

ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಆ ಎಲ್ಲ ಅರ್ಹತೆಗಳಿವೆಯೇ? ಎಳ್ಳಷ್ಟೂ ಸಂಶಯ ಬೇಡ!

(೧) ಕನ್ನಡದ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನತೆ:
  • ಕ್ರಿ. ಪೂ. ಮೂರನೇ (300 B.C.) ಶತಮಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಸೇರಿದ, ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದಲ್ಲಿ ದೊರೆತಿರುವ ಅಶೋಕನ ಶಸನವೊಂದರಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾಣಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ’ಇಸಿಲ’ ಎಂಬ ಪದವೇ, ತೇದಿಯುಳ್ಳ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನತಮ ಪದ ಎಂದು ವಿದ್ವಾಂಸರಾದ ಡ್.ಎಲ್.ನರಸಿಂಹಾಚಾರ್ಯರ ಅಭಿಪ್ರಾಯ.
  • ಈಜಿಪ್ಟ್ ದೇಶದ ಟಾಲೆಮಿ ಎಂಬ ಭೂಗೋಲ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಜ್ಞನು ಬರೆದ ಗ್ರಂಥದಲ್ಲಿ, ಭಾರತದ ಅನೇಕ ಊರುಗಳ ಹೆಸರುಗಳನ್ನು ಹೇಳುವಲ್ಲಿ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ಅನೇಕ ಊರುಗಳ ಹೆಸರುಗಳೂ ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಿತವಾಗಿವೆ. ಇದರ ಕಾಲ ಕ್ರಿ.ಶ.೧೪೦.
  • ಕ್ರಿ.ಶ. ೨ನೇ ಶತಮಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಸೇರಿದ ಗ್ರೀಕ್ ನೆಗೆನಾಟಕವೊಂದರಲ್ಲಿನ ಕೆಲವು ಪದಗಳನ್ನು, ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷೆಯವೆಂದು ಊಹಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ.
  • ಕಿ.ಶ. ೪೫೦ ರಲ್ಲಿ "ಹಲ್ಮಿಡಿ ಶಾಸನ"ದ ರಚನೆಯಾಯಿತು. ಹಲ್ಮಿಡಿ ಶಾಸನದ ಭಾಷೆ ಪ್ರೌಢವಾದ ಗದ್ಯ.
ಮೇಲಿನ ಮೊದಲ ಮೂರು ಅಂಶಗಳಿಂದ ಕನ್ನಡದ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನತೆ ೨೦೦೦ ವರ್ಷಗಳಿಗಿಂತ ಹಳೆಯದೆಂದು ಸಾಬೀತಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಅದರಲ್ಲೇನಾದರು ಸಂದೇಹವಿದ್ದರೆ ಹಲ್ಮಿಡಿ ಶಾಸನದ ಕಾಲವನ್ನು ಗಮನಿಸಿ. ಒಂದು ಶಾಸನದ ಭಾಷೆ ಪ್ರೌಢ ಗದ್ಯವಾಗಬೇಕಾದರೆ ಅದರ ಹಿಂದ ಕೊನೆಯ ಪಕ್ಷ ಒಂದು ಶತಮಾನದ ಚಾರಿತ್ರಿಕ/ಸಾಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಕ ಹಿನ್ನೆಲೆಯಿರಬೇಕು. ಅದಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಮುಂಚೆ ಆ ಭಾಷೆ ಸರಿಸುಮಾರು ೨-೩ ಶತಮಾನಗಳಷ್ಟಾದರೂ ಜನರ ಆಡು ಮಾತಾಗಿ ಬಳಕೆಯಾಗಿರಬೇಕು. ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಕೊನೆಯ ಪಕ್ಷ, ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ೧೬೦೦-೧೬೫೦ ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಇತಿಹಾಸವಿರುದಂತೂ ಗಟ್ಟಿ.

(೨) ಕನ್ನಡದ ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ: "ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷೆ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತದಿಂದ ಹುಟ್ಟಿದ್ದು ಎಂದು ಕೆಲವರ ಆಭಿಪ್ರಾಯ. ಆದರೆ ಇದು ಸರಿಯಲ್ಲ. ಕನ್ನಡ ಪಂಚದ್ರಾವಿಡ ಭಾಷೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು. ತಮಿಳು, ಕನ್ನಡ, ತೆಲುಗು, ಮಲೆಯಾಳಂ ಮತ್ತು ತುಳು, ಇವುಗಳನ್ನು ಪಂಚ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ ಭಾಷೆಗಳೆಂದು ಕರೆಯಲಾಗಿದೆ. ಈ ಐದೂ ದ್ರಾವಿಡ ಭಾಷೆಗಳಿಗೆ ತಾಯಂತಿದ್ದ ಮೂಲದ್ರಾವಿಡ ಭಾಷೆಯೊಂದು ಇದ್ದು, ಈ ಐದೂ ಕಾಲಕ್ರಮೇಣ ಕವಲೊಡೆದು ಬೇರೆ ಬೇರೆ ಭಾಷೆಗಳಾದುವುವೆಂದು ಭಾಷಾಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಜ್ಞರ ಅಭಿಪ್ರಾಯ [ಜಿ.ಎಸ್.ಶಿವರುದ್ರಪ್ಪ]." ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ತಮಿಳಿಗೆ ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಯಿದೆ, ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕಿಲ್ಲವೆಂಬ ಮಾತು ಮಲತಾಯಿ ಧೋರಣೆಯೇ ವಿನಾ ಬೇರೆನಲ್ಲ. ಭಾಷಾಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಜ್ಞರ ಲೆಕ್ಕದಲ್ಲಿ ಕನ್ನಡದ ಇತಿಹಾಸ ತಮಿಳಿನಷ್ಟಾದರೂ ಹಳೆಯದು ಎಂದು ಸಾಬೀತಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಚಾರಿತ್ರಿಕವಾಗಿ, ಸಾಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಕವಾಗಿ ಕನ್ನಡ ತನ್ನದೇ ಆದ ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಯನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದೆಯೆಂಬುದು ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟ.

(೩) ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಸ್ವಂತ ನೆಲೆಯಿದೆ, ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತದಂತಹ ಭಾಷೆಗಳ ಪ್ರಭಾವ ಶಿಖರದ ತುದಿ ಮುಟ್ಟಿಲ್ಲ: ಸುಮಾರು ೧೬೦೦-೨೦೦೦ ವರ್ಷಗಳಷ್ಟು ಪ್ರಾಚೀನವಾಗಿರುವ ಭಾಷೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ರಚನೆ ಆರಂಭವಾದದ್ದು ಯಾವಾಗ ಎಂದು ಖಚಿತವಾಗಿ ಹೇಳಲು ಸಾಧ್ಯವಿಲ್ಲ. ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಭಾಷೆಗಳಿಗೂ ಇರುವಂತೆ, ಲಿಖಿತರೂಪವನ್ನು ತಾಳದ, ಬಾಯಿಂದ ಬಾಯಿಗೆ ಹರಿದು ಬರುವ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯಾಭಿವ್ಯಕ್ತಿ ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷೆಗೂ ಇದ್ದಿರಬೇಕು. ಕನ್ನಡದ ಮೊದಲ ಗ್ರಂಥವೆಂದು ಭಾವಿತವಾದ ’ಕವಿರಾಜಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಇಂತಹ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಇದ್ದ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಸೂಚನೆಗಳಿವೆ. ಹೇಗೆ? ಯಾವ ಸೂಚನೆಗಳು? ಕವಿರಾಜ ಮಾರ್ಗ ಒಂದು ಲಕ್ಷಣ ಗ್ರಂಥ. ಎಂದರೆ, ಕವಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಕಾವ್ಯ ಲಕ್ಷಣವನ್ನು ತಿಳಿಸುವ, ಚರ್ಚಿಸುವ ಗ್ರಂಥ. ಕಾವ್ಯ ಎಂದರೇನು, ಕಾವ್ಯದ ಪರಿಕರಗಳು ಯಾವುವು, ಕಾವ್ಯದ ಸ್ವಾರಸ್ಯ ಎಲ್ಲಿದೆ, ಕಾವ್ಯದ ಗುಣ ಯಾವುದು, ದೋಷ ಯಾವುದು, ಕಾವ್ಯದ ಉದ್ದೇಶ ಪ್ರಯೋಜನಗಳು ಯಾವುದು ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ ಸಂಗತಿಗಳನ್ನು ಕುರಿತ ಗ್ರಂಥ. ಇಂತಹ ಕೃತಿ ಯಾವಾಗಲೂ ಸಮೃದ್ಧವಾದೊಂದು ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯವಿದ್ದಾಗ ಮಾತ್ರ ಹುಟ್ಟಲು ಸಾಧ್ಯ. ಕೆಲವರು ’ಕವಿರಾಜಮಾರ್ಗ’ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತ ಕವಿ ದಂಡಿಯು ಬರೆದ ’ಕಾವ್ಯಾದರ್ಶ’ ಎಂಬ ಅಲಂಕಾರ ಗ್ರಂಥದ ಅನುವಾದ ಮಾತ್ರ ಎಂದು ಮೇಲೆ ಹೇಳಿದ ಮಾತನ್ನು ಅಲ್ಲಗಳೆಯುವುದುಂಟು. ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಪ್ರಜ್ಞೆಯಿರುವ ಯಾರೇ ಆಗಲಿ, "ಕವಿರಾಜಮಾರ್ಗ ದಂಡಿಯ ಕಾವ್ಯಾದರ್ಶದ ಅನುವಾದ ಮಾತ್ರವಾಗಿಲ್ಲ, ತಕ್ಕಷ್ಟು ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ದೃಷ್ಟಿಯನ್ನೂ, ವೈಚಾರಿಕತೆಯನ್ನೂ ಪ್ರಕಟಿಸುವ ಕೃತಿಯಾಗಿದೆ" ಎಂಬ ಸತ್ಯ ಎದ್ದು ಕಾಣುತ್ತದೆ. ಒಂದು ಭಾಷೆಯ ಲಕ್ಷಣ ಗ್ರಂಥದಲ್ಲಿ ಇಷ್ಟೊಂದು ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರ ದೃಷ್ಟಿ ಇದ್ದಮೇಲೆ ಅದಕ್ಕ ಸ್ವತಂತ್ರವಾದ ನೆಲೆ, ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ ಇರಲೇ ಬೇಕು ಎಂಬ ಮಾತು ನಿಸ್ಸಂಶಯವಾದದ್ದು.

(೪) ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ವಿಪುಲ್ಲವಾದುದು ಮತ್ತು ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟವಾದುದು: ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯದ ಸಮಗ್ರ ಇತಿಹಾಸವನ್ನು ಅವಲೋಕಿಸಿದಾಗ ಕಾಣುವುದಿಷ್ಟು. ಕವಿರಾಜಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಉಲ್ಲೇಖವಾದ ಚೆತ್ತಾಣೆ ಬೆದಂಡೆಗಳ ಕಾವ್ಯರೂಪಗಳಿಂದ ಹಿಡಿದು, (ಅ) ಚಂಪು (ಆ) ವಚನ-ರಗಳೆ-ಷಟ್ಪದಿ (ಇ) ಕೀರ್ತನ-ತ್ರಿಪದಿ-ಸಾಂಗತ್ಯ (ಈ) ಭಾವಗೀತೆ-ಗದ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು (ಉ) ಕಥೆ-ಕಾದಂಬರಿಗಳವರೆಗಿನ ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯದ ಉದ್ದಗಲಗಳು ಒಂದು ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಭಾಷೆಗೆ ಬೇಕಾದ ಉದ್ದಗಲಗಳಿಂತ ಒಂದು ಪಟ್ಟು ಹೆಚ್ಚೆ ಎನ್ನಬೇಕು. ಒಂದು ದೇಶದ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ, ಧರ್ಮ, ಚರಿತ್ರೆ, ಮತ್ತು ಜನಜೀವನದ ಚೌಕಟ್ಟಿನಲ್ಲಿಟ್ಟು ಭಾಷೆಯನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದಾಗ ಮಾತ್ರ ಅದರ ವೈವಿಧ್ಯತೆಯ ಅರಿವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಆ ವೈವಿಧ್ಯತೆ ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕಿದೆ, ಅದರ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಅನುಮಾನವಿದ್ದವರು ಮೇಲೆ ತಿಳಿಸಿದ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಪ್ರಕಾರದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯವನ್ನು ಸಿಂಹಾವಲೋಕಿಸಿ ಒರೆಗೆ ಹಚ್ಚಿ ನೋಡಬೇಕು.

ಮೇಲಿನ ಎಲ್ಲ ವಿಶಯಗಳಿಂದ ಸ್ಪಷ್ಟವಾಗುವುದು ಇಷ್ಟು. ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನ ದೊರಕಿದ್ದು ಕೇವಲ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರ ಹೋರಾಟದ ಪ್ರತಿಫಲವಲ್ಲ, ಅದು ಇಡೀ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ವೃಂದ ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ತೋರಿಸಿದ ಗೌರವ ಮಾತ್ರ. ಅಷ್ಟಾದ ಮಾತ್ರಕ್ಕೆ ಕನ್ನಡದ ಮುಂದೆ ಉಳಿದ ಭಾಷೆಗಳು ಗೌಣ ಎಂದರ್ಥವಲ್ಲ. ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರೆಲ್ಲರ ಆಚಾರ ವಿಚಾರ, ನಡೆ ನುಡಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಬೆರೆತ ಪರಭಾಷೆ-ಪರಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಯ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಇರುವ "ಸಹಿಷ್ಣುತೆ" ಇಂದು ಮತ್ತು ಮುಂದೆಯೂ ಪ್ರತಿಬಿಂಬಿಸಬೇಕು. ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಭಾಷೆಗಳನ್ನು ಪ್ರೀತಿಸು, ಕನ್ನಡವನ್ನು ಪೂಜಿಸು ಎಂಬ ಕವಿಯ ಆಶಯ ಸದಾ ಅಮರವಾಗಿರಬೇಕು. ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಬಂದ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನಕ್ಕೆ ನಮ್ಮೆಲ್ಲರಲ್ಲಿ ಹೆಮ್ಮೆಯಿರಲಿ ಅಹಂಕಾರ (Chauvinism) ಬೇಡ!

ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನದಿಂದಾಗುವದೇನಿದೆ?

(೧) ಭಾರತ ಸರಕಾರದ ಕೇಂದ್ರೀಯ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಮತ್ತು ವಿಶ್ವದ ಅನೇಕ ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಕನ್ನಡ ಕಲಿಕೆಗೆ ಪೀಠಗಳ (Professional Chairs) ಸ್ಥಾಪನೆಯಾಗಲಿದೆ.
(೨) ಪ್ರಪಂಚದೆಲ್ಲೆಡೆ ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ವಿಶೇಷ ಮನ್ನಣೆ ದೊರೆಯಲಿದೆ. ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷಾ ಬೆಳವಣಿಗೆಗೆ ದೇಶ ವಿದೇಶಗಳಿಂದ ಬೆಂಬಲ/ಸಹಕಾರ ದೊರೆಯಲಿದೆ.
(೩) ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ದುಡಿದ ವಿದ್ವಾಂಸರಿಗೆ ಗೌರವಿಸಲು ಎರಡು ಅಂತರಾಷ್ಟ್ರೀಯ ಬಹುಮಾನಗಳನ್ನು ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಟಾಪಿಸಲಾಗುವುದು.
(೪) ಕೇಂದ್ರ ಸರಕಾರದಿಂದ ಕನ್ನಡದ ಅಭಿವೃದ್ಧಿಗೆ ೧೦೦ ಕೋಟಿ ರೂಪಾಯಿ ಲಭ್ಯವಾಗಲಿದೆ.
(೫) ಪ್ರತಿ ವರ್ಷದ ಬಜೆಟ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ಕರ್ನಾಟಕಕ್ಕೆ ಕನ್ನಡದ ಕೆಲಸಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ೫ ಕೋಟಿ ರೂಪಾಯಿ ದೊರೆಯಲಿದೆ.
(೬) ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷಾ ಅಭಿವೃದ್ಧಿ ಮಂಡಳಿ (Kannada Language Promotion Board) ಸ್ಥಾಪನೆಯಾಗಲಿದೆ.
(೭) ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಚರಿತ್ರೆಯ ಅಧ್ಯಯನಕ್ಕೆ ಮತ್ತು ಸಂಶೋಧನೆಗೆ ವಿಶೇಷ ನೆರವು ದೊರೆಯಲಿದೆ.

ಕನ್ನಡ ಭಾಷೆಯ ಸರ್ವತೋಮುಖ ಬೆಳವಣಿಗೆಗೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಸ್ಥಾನ ದೊರಕಿದ್ದು ಕನ್ನಡಕ್ಕೆ ಸಂದ ಅರ್ಹ ಗೌರವ. ಸರಕಾರದವರು, ಸಾಹಿತಿಗಳು, ವಿಧ್ಯಾರ್ಥಿಗಳು, ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯಗಳು ಮತ್ತು ಉಳಿದೆಲ್ಲ ಕನ್ನಡಿಗರು ದೊರೆತಿರುವ ಅವಕಾಶವನ್ನು ಪರಿಣಾಮಕಾರಿಯಾಗೆ ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಿ ಕನ್ನಡದ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ, ಇತಿಹಾಸವನ್ನು ಮತ್ತಷ್ಟು ಎತ್ತರಕ್ಕೆ ಕೊಂಡೊಯ್ದರೆ ಸಂದ ಗೌರವ ಸಾರ್ಥಕವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.

ಸೂ: ಇದೇ ಲೇಖನವನ್ನು  ನನ್ನ ಸಂಪದ ಬ್ಲಾಗ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ಓದಬಹುದು.

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This work by Manjunath Singe is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License. The views and opinions expressed in this work are strictly those of the author and do not represent his employer's views in anyway.